The component form of a vector is given as < x, y >, where x describes how far right or left a vector is going and y describes how far up or down a vector is going.

Given a vector’s initial point (where it starts), (x₁, y₁), and terminal point (where it ends), (x₂, y₂) the component form can be found by subtracting the coordinates of each point: < x₂ – x₁, y₂ – y₁ >